"Wellcome Trust is a charitable foundation that exists to improve health for everyone.
Our funding supports over 14,000 people in more than 70 countries.
We support curious, passionate people all over the world explore ideas in science,
population health, medical innovation, the humanities and social sciences and public
Hannah Hope, Open Research Co-ordinator, Wellcome Trust
Wellcome has had an open access policy since 2005, requiring that research articles resulting
from Wellcome funding are made freely available. This policy applies to all grantees and funding
is provided to support the cost of making articles open access.
They have an Organisation Account with Lantern, which means they
have a Wellcome-branded user interface, custom fields and compliance calculations. You can visit
their interface at http://compliance.cottagelabs.com.
Before Lantern was developed, Wellcome had no automated way of compliance checking.
The Open Research team in Wellcome's London offices went through a manual process of searching
for DOIs and PubMed IDs in Europe PMC, to gather essential
information. This included whether the article was in Europe PMC at all, and whether the
appropriate Creative Commons licence was visible.
On one occasion Wellcome published a raw dataset of articles, and crowd-sourced the checking and
data enhancement from the community. Though this was highly effective, they recognised
immediately the need for an automated and scalable solution. They turned to us at
Cottage Labs and ultimately Lantern, as we had also been working on this same problem in
collaboration with the Public Library of Science (PLOS).
How is Lantern Used?
"The key feature of the software is that it is able to pull content from multiple sources ...
each of which provides a different element of the compliance picture"
Lantern is used by a variety of people within Wellcome Trust. Grant Managers use it to ensure that
publications listed in grant reports are all compliant; they can only close the grants once they
are. The Open Research team upload identifiers every month to keep an up-to-date picture of how
much of the Trust’s publication portfolio is compliant with their policy. Meanwhile, the Insight
and Analysis team run customised datasets on an ad hoc basis as needed for their work.
Once a year Wellcome run a full detailed bulk analysis for all articles for which they have paid an
article processing charge. You can see the analysis for 2015-16 here.
Of particular value to Wellcome is Lantern's ability to pull content from multiple
sources - for example, CrossRef to identify DOIs, DOAJ to determine if article is in a full OA
or hybrid journal, EuropePMC to check availability - each of which provides a different element of
the compliance picture.
The use of Lantern has supported Wellcome in raising the rate of compliance with its open access policy to
just over 80%. When Lantern identifies articles which do not meet their policy, they work directly with
the academics, institutions and publishers to enable free access to their research.
They also combine the results from the Lantern with additional information provided by grantees to
understand trends and costs within the scholarly publishing market.
"We couldn't do this work regularly without the tool as the time it would take
would be too great"
Prior to using Lantern, Wellcome did not have the means to do any of this analysis in a meaningful
way. They have used Lantern to measure the compliance with their open access mandate, which has a
global impact on access to critical biomedical and health research.